Adam and Eve and Me
After my last post about being careful when engaging in controversial subjects, I have received a number of private messages and emails. I have become caught in between the proverbial rock and a hard place, by both those in the “Old Earth Creation” and those in the “Young Earth Creation” camps. After much prayer I have decided to post this. In all things I seek to glorify God, however I routinely fail miserably. It is my hope that this post will both glorify my God and build up the believers.
I had stated that I would let those who are more knowledgeable fight this battle. Turns out, a lot of people want to know where I stand. Three separate individuals emailed me telling me that for me to remain silent here is wrong. So as I humbly ascend my little soapbox, let me say first that I am not an academic, no matter how many big words I use in this blog. As well, I am not a theologian, no matter how much I read. I am not a pastor, no matter how much I love the Word and the people of God.
As well, I have friends on both sides of this debate, so trust me when I say that I am hesitant to engage… but as a man of convictions, to not stand by them is to dishonour my God. For my regular readers, I will do my best to make this easy to read and simple to understand like my other posts.
When taking modern science into account , the unbelieving world views those who adhere to a literal six day creation as stubborn, obsolete, and ignorant. It also appears that many people in the church feel this way. And even in my denomination there is very real pressure from some to adapt our interpretation of the Genesis Creation account from a literal one to an allegorical one.
As Christians, particularly those of the reformed persuasion, we cling to the Bible as God’s revealed truth, and we defend it, like dogs defending their master. We believe that God is honoured when we honour the truth. Likewise God is dishonoured when a lie is told. So if God did not complete His creation in six literal days, we dishonor God by adopting that view. Likewise, the opposite is also true. If God did create the world in six days, we dishonor Him by promulgating evolutionary theory. Only one can be right – it was either 6 literal days or it wasn’t. So where do I stand?
Allow me to wiggle out from between this rock and hard place…and clarify where I stand and what I believe the Bible clearly teaches. I am a six day Creationist. Yes, I guess that makes me stubborn, obsolete and ignorant. Why do I hold this view? Because I believe that we have to give the final authority to the Bible in all matters. I readily admit that the Bible is not a scientific textbook, but if I affirm the inerrancy of the Bible I must also proclaim that where it touches on scientific things, it does so truthfully. If it doesn’t speak the truth on one subject, the whole Bible becomes moot. Why? Because if this is not true, then either God is a liar and we can’t trust him, or he does not exist. So, I will continue to read the creation account literally and I will accept it as fact.
Creation is not merely a scientific issue. It is a theological one as well. The study of Creation is not something we can only view in the realm of the sciences. Our answer to how we view Creation has to line up with both science and Scripture. Where science and Scripture clearly disagree, we must stand firm clinging to God’s Word as the final authority.
Following are several areas where I feel those who advocate for “theistic evolution” or “Evolutionary theory” allow science to undermine Scripture. For the sake of brevity on the blog I will address only a few.
If we take figurative view of the creation account in Genesis, how do we decide when that figurative story ends and the real historical account begins? If we believe in “common ancestry” we have to claim, against scripture, that God did not create Adam in his image. Rather he created him as an ape and over a millennia man was formed. In this view, therefore, there is no “image of God” to ruin by plunging ourselves into sin.
What about Eve? The Bible tells us that there was no helper suitable for Adam among the animals, yet according to evolutionary theory there were other people living at the same time and prior. Was Eve really taken from Adam’s rib or did she suckle at the bosom of her mother? Genesis tells us that Eve was the mother of all the living, yet science tries to tell us otherwise.
Was there a literal or an allegorical tree of life and tree of the knowledge of good and evil? Did Satan really take the form of a serpent to tempt Adam and Eve to eat of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil? Was there a real Garden of Eden? Do you see how in this view, the line blurs on when Genesis becomes history and ceases to be allegory? The other Biblical authors appear to recognize the creation account in a very literal way, not as allegory. Read , for instance, the following texts:
- Genesis 5 shows us that Moses believed that they were real.
- 1Chronicles 1:1 shows us the author of Chronicles believed that Adam was real.
- Luke 3:38 reveals that Luke believed that Adam was real.
- Matthew 18:4-5 shows us that Jesus believed that they were real.
- Romans 5:12ff, 1 Cor. 15:22,45, 1 Timothy 2:12-14 all show us that Paul believed that Adam was real.
- Jude14 reveals that Jude believed that Adam was real.
- 2 Peter 1:21 and 2 Timothy 3:16 reveal to us that these authors were inspired by the Holy spirit in what they wrote about Adam and Eve.
For me, interpreting the first few chapters of Genesis as allegory is extremely dangerous. I believe that it undermines the gospel message. I believe that these views trample upon parts of the Bible that are foundational to my faith.
The Bible tells us that Adam represented us before God. So that when he fell, we all took the plunge into sin. The Bible clearly shows that Adam was our first head, because he was the first man. If we believe that we evolved out of another species, how is it that Adam was the first man? How is it that he is our head? Evolutionary theory dictates that evolution does not happen to individuals but to groups of individuals. If just one individual evolves, that “evolution” will die with that individual. So why then, in that view, was Adam deemed our head? And what of Jesus Christ? He is called the second Adam. Why do we need a second Adam if the first Adam was a sham? If we do not hold to the historicity of the first Adam, as the first man as revealed in the Bible, in my estimation we have no need of Jesus Christ. Taking all this into account, if we believe in evolution, how do we determine when sin entered into the world?
Romans 5:12 says that death entered the world through the sin of Adam. But evolution is impossible without death. Did death enter the world through Adam or was there death already? Throughout the Bible we read of death as a curse which we must endure because of sin. Yet evolution views death as a “blessing” bringing about the positive changes of natural selection… so is death good then? Is this Biblical?
Here is another question. If we descended from apes, were we ever declared good? Or did God actually get it wrong? Did he lie to us in his word? The Bible says that God created and it was good. He did not say that it was a mistake and that he would use evolutionary process to make it good in a million years or so. He said it was good at creation! I do not see much wiggle room in that.
When looking at these and other questions, where science and the Bible differ, I have to give authority to the Bible in answering them. So I believe that God created the world from nothing in six literal days. I believe that Adam was the first human created of the dust of the ground, and that Eve, his wife, was formed from a rib from his side. They did not evolve from pre-human creatures, and together they were the parents of humanity, no humans or pre-human’s lived prior or concurrent to them.
No, I do not assume that I am going to end the debate here, every one of my arguments has been stated before in one form or another. This was purely to make known where I stand. Feel free to comment, all I ask is that you keep your comments civil.
We believe that God created man of dust from the ground1 and He made and formed him after His own image and likeness, good, righteous, and holy.2 His will could conform to the will of God in every respect. But, when man was in this high position, he did not appreciate it nor did he value his excellency. He gave ear to the words of the devil and willfully subjected himself to sin and consequently to death and the curse.3 For he transgressed the commandment of life which he had received; by his sin he broke away from God, who was his true life; he corrupted his whole nature. By all this he made himself liable to physical and spiritual death.4
~Belgic Confession Article 14, paragraph 1